African penguins have been declared as endangered by the IUCN red list. Their population has declined by around 90% since the beginning of twentieth century. Estimates suggest that in the beginning of 1900s, there were approximately 1.4 million adult birds in one population alone at Dassen Island, which had been reduced to about 145,000 birds by the mid-1950s. By the end of 1900s, the worldwide population declined to about 179,000 and it is still declining.
The population decline can be attributed to human related pressure such as loss of habitat, lack of food source due to commercial fishing and oil pollution at sea. In addition, global warming has changed the marine environment too rapidly for the species to evolve. Global warming also intensifies other threats and affects their breeding cycle.
Such a cute animal is in danger because of the impact we are causing to the environment and rather than help protect it, we are still questioning the unquestionable scientific data on global warming.